Monday, April 1, 2013

The Brazilian Law of Sexagenarians: Slaves Over The Age of 60

As translated from History of Brazil, "Lei dos Sexagenários," by Antonio Junior Gasparetto, on 5 March 2010 -- The Law of the sixties gave freedom to slaves aged over 65 years. Represented another onslaught of the abolitionists toward the final end of slavery in the country.

In the mid-nineteenth century Brazil started to enact laws that aimed to end the use of slave labor in the country. As a result of pressure from England, which in 1845 enacted a law Bill Aberdeen, Brazil enacted Law Eusebio de Queiroz in 1850 banning the slave trade in the Atlantic Ocean. The move caused an initial shock and caused growers arrumassem other methods to acquire their slave laborers. In the years following what happened in Brazil was an intensification of the domestic slave trade, the core of higher concentration of hand labor involved compulsory São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro, the three main provinces coffee.

Although there were many supporters of abolitionism, only two decades after a new law was passed in favor of the slaves. In 1872 the parliament passed the Law of the Free Womb, which gave freedom to the children of slaves born from the date of its approval. In practice this measure does not solve the problem of slave labor, because until the individual reaches the age of 21 years at the time was the farmer who cared for him. Thus, the freed slave and ended up doing when reached his majority was indebted to the farmer, having to provide services without pay for many more years to pay off their debts.

The following years marked an intensification of the speech and the Republican abolitionist. Already in the 1880s the internal and external pressure was too great for Brazil to determine the order of slave labor. In 1884 the liberal Sousa Dantas introduced a bill advocating freedom for slaves aged 60 years or more. The project was highly debated in Parliament, on the one hand, the abolitionists remained steady for another conquest, and on the other hand, the slave responded with force. Like most sexagenarian was coffee in the provinces, the slave protested against the law. Farmers, individuals of great influence in the period, could the law was passed only in 1885 and with an addendum favorable. The Law of the sixties, also called the Law Saraiva-Cotegipe, took that name because initial project consisted in the liberation of the slaves with 60 years or more, only that coffee growers succeeded in raising the age to 65 years of freedom.

The Law of the sixties, which was enacted on September 28, 1885, did not have much practical effect, because slaves with such age were not as valued. It was also very difficult that slaves were able to live under the conditions imposed to reach this age. Just as the Law of the Free Womb, Law of sexagenarians granted freedom to another installment of slaves, but the practical application of both was irrelevant, keeping the country marked by its base slave. (source translated:ários


  1. Excellent items from you, man. I've keep in mind your stuff previous to and you are just too wonderful. I actually like what you have bought right here, really like what you are saying and the way by which you say it. You make it entertaining and you continue to care for to keep it sensible. I can not wait to learn much more from you. That is really a tremendous web site.

    My weblog; labrador Golden retriever

  2. What a data of un-ambiguity and preserveness of valuable familiarity on the topic of
    unexpected feelings.

    my webpage ... mascarillas blanqueadoras caseras

  3. Hire Brazilian Attorney lawyers to solve Banking, Civil, Litigation, Consumer, Corporate, Employment, Family, Real Estate disputes. Contact Angélico Advogados for In-Bound & Out-Bound Transactions

  4. Good site you've got here.. It's hard to find high quality writing like yours these days.
    I really appreciate people like you! Take care!


    Here is my site

  5. Whoa! This blog looks just like my old one! It's on a totally different topic but it has pretty much the same layout and design. Excellent choice of colors!

    my blog post - exercises to improve vertical

  6. I think that is among the most important info for
    me. And i'm happy studying your article. However should remark on few basic things, The website taste is perfect, the articles is in point of fact nice : D. Good job, cheers

    Feel free to surf to my site; exercises to Increase vertical Leap

  7. That is a great tip particularly to those new to the
    blogosphere. Simple but very accurate info… Thanks for sharing this
    one. A must read article!

    My webpage

  8. As the admin of this website is working, no doubt very shortly
    it will be renowned, due to its quality contents.

    Here is my blog: exercises to improve vertical

  9. I was recommended this blog by my cousin. I'm not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my problem. You're incredible!


    Feel free to visit my site:

  10. When I originally commented I clicked the "Notify me when new comments are added" checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get several emails with the same comment.
    Is there any way you can remove me from that service?

    Also visit my webpage;

  11. This is really interesting, You're a very skilled blogger. I've joined your rss
    feed and look forward to seeking more of your wonderful post.

    Also, I've shared your web site in my social networks!

    Also visit my site: workouts For vertical jump

  12. I loved as much as you'll receive carried out right here. The sketch is attractive, your authored subject matter stylish. nonetheless, you command get got an nervousness over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come further formerly again as exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this increase.

    Visit my weblog :: workouts for vertical

  13. Hello, Neat post. There is a problem along with your web site
    in internet explorer, could test this? IE still is the market chief and a large component to people
    will pass over your magnificent writing because of this problem.

    Also visit my site:

  14. Hello there! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering if
    you knew where I could locate a captcha plugin for my comment form?
    I'm using the same blog platform as yours and I'm having
    difficulty finding one? Thanks a lot!

    Also visit my website; workouts to improve vertical

  15. Awesome article.

    Here is my blog post ... workouts to improve vertical leap

  16. I pay a quick visit every day some web sites and information sites
    to read articles, except this web site presents feature based posts.

    Visit my web blog; exercises to improve vertical leap

  17. Thanks for every other fantastic post. Where else may anyone get that kind
    of info in such an ideal method of writing?
    I've a presentation subsequent week, and I am on the look for such info.

    Look at my web blog: workouts To jump higher

  18. I was more than happy to uncover this page.
    I wanted to thank you for your time for this particularly fantastic read!
    ! I definitely enjoyed every little bit of it and i also have you saved as a favorite
    to look at new things in your site.

    Feel free to visit my site exercises to increase vertical

  19. If you are going for most excellent contents like myself, simply pay a quick visit this site everyday for the reason that it presents quality contents, thanks

    My site

  20. Hi there, just became alert to your blog through
    Google, and found that it is really informative.
    I am going to watch out for brussels. I'll appreciate if you continue this in future. Lots of people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

    My site exercises to increase vertical

  21. Hi, Neat post. There is an issue with your web site in web explorer,
    could test this? IE still is the marketplace chief and a big section of people will miss your magnificent
    writing due to this problem.

    my website ... workouts for vertical leap

  22. Quality articles or reviews is the crucial to be a focus
    for the visitors to visit the web page, that's what this website is providing.

    Feel free to surf to my blog ::

  23. Greetings! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could find
    a captcha plugin for my comment form? I'm using the same blog platform as yours and I'm having trouble finding one?
    Thanks a lot!

    Also visit my website ... exercises to increase vertical

  24. I don’t remark on a lot of blogs but right after studying a
    number of of your posts I believed I would just say
    Gives Thanks and Preserve up the terrific workout.

    Here is my web blog; private loan consolidation companies

  25. Hi theгe, You have donе an increԁible job.
    Ӏ will certainly digg it and pеrsonallу rеcommend to my friendѕ.

    I'm sure they'll be benеfitеd from thіs website.

    my webpage ... coffee pure cleanse scam

  26. Pесuliar article, just what I nеedeԁ.

    Fеel fгee to suгf to mу blog:
    use car

  27. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

  28. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

  29.بحفرالباطن _شركة ابادة القوارض بحفرالباطن _ شركة ابادة الفئران بحفرالباطن _ شركة تنظيف الحشرات بحفرالباطن _

    شركة نورالعمران بحفرالباطن

  30. Saudi Arabia Experts Company
    It is normal to put furniture in our homes as if it will remain forever. We carefully arrange bedroom furniture, kitchen cabinets, air conditioners, washing machines and dishes. The time and effort required by the transfer, and the expected risk of furniture on the other hand, but all of this may apply to the usual methods of moving furniture or managing furniture alone, but it can end entirely with a specialized furniture transfer company
    شركة تركيب اثاث ايكيا بالرياض
    شركة تركيب ستائر بالرياض
    شركة تنظيف مكيفات بالرياض
    شركة تركيب غرف نوم بالرياض
    شركة تركيب باركية بالرياض



Click here to return to the US Slave Home Page