Thursday, October 13, 2011

Wilson Chinn A Branded Slave From Louisiana

Wilson Chinn

Wilson Chinn is about 60 years old, he was "raised" by Isaac Howard of Woodford County, Kentucky. When 21 years old he was taken down the river and sold to Volsey B. Marmillion, a sugar planter about 45 miles above New Orleans. This man was accustomed to brand his negroes, and Wilson has on his forehead the letters "V. B. M." Of the 210 slaves on this plantation 105 left at one time and came into the Union camp. Thirty of them had been branded like cattle with a hot iron, four of them on the forehead, and the others on the breast or arm.

Wilson Chinn, a Branded Slave from Louisiana. Photographed by Kimball, 477 Broadway, NY 1863
To the Editor of Harper's Weekly:

The group of emancipated slaves whose portraits I send you were brought by Colonel Hanks and Mr. Phillip Bacon from New Orleans, where they were set free by General Butler. Mr. Bacon went to New Orleans with our army, and was for eighteen months employed as Assistant-Superintendent of Freedmen, under the care of Colonel Hanks. He established the first school in Louisiana for emancipated slaves, and these children were among his pupils. He will soon return to Louisiana to resume his labor.



Rebecca Huger is eleven years old, and was a slave in her father's house, the special attendant of a girl a little older than herself. To all appearance she is perfectly white. Her complexion, hair, and features show not the slightest trace of negro blood. In the few months during which she has been at school she has learned to read well, and writes as neatly as most children of her age. Her mother and grandmother live in New Orleans, where they support themselves comfortably by their own labor. The grandmother, an intelligent mulatto, told Mr. Bacon that she ad "raised" a large family of children, but these are all that are left to her.

Wilson Chinn; Charles Taylor; Augusta Broujey; Mary Johnson; Isaac White; Rebecca Huger; Robert Whitehead; Rosina Downs. EMANCIPATED SLAVES, WHITE AND COLORED.--The children are from the schools established in New Orleans, by order of Major-General Banks.
Rosina Downs is not quite seven years old. She is a fair child, with blonde complexion and silky hair. Her father is in the rebel army. She has one sister as white as herself, and three brothers who are darker. Her mother, a bright mulatto, lives in New Orleans in a poor hut, and has hard work to support her family.

Charles Taylor is an eight years old slave.

Charles Taylor is eight years old. His complexion is very fair, his hair light and silky. Three out of five boys in any school in New York are darker than he. Yet this white boy, with his mother, as he declares, has been twice sold as a slave. First by his father and "owner," Alexander Wethers, of Lewis County, Virginia, to a slave-trader named Harrison, who sold them to Mr. Thornhill of New Orleans. This man fled at the approach of our army, and his slaves were liberated by General Butler. The boy is decidedly intelligent, and though he has been at school less than a year he reads and writes very well. His mother is a mulatto; she had one daughter sold into Texas before she herself left Virginia, and one son who, she supposes, is with his father in Virginia.

These three children, to all appearance of unmixed white race, came to Philadelphia last December, and were taken by their protector, Mr. Bacon, to the St. Lawrence Hotel on Chestnut Street. Within a few hours, Mr. Bacon informed me, he was notified by the landlord that they must therefore be colored persons, and he kept a hotel for white people. From this hospitable establishment the children were taken to the "Continental," where they were received without hesitation.

Augusta Boujey is nine years old. Her mother, who is almost white, was owned by her half-brother, named Solamon, who still retains two of her children.
Mary Johnson was cook in her master's family in New Orleans. On her left arm are scars of three cuts given to her by her mistress with a rawhide. On her back are scars of more than fifty cuts given by her master. The occasion was that one morning she was half an hour behind time in bringing up his five o'clock cup of coffee. As the Union army approached she ran away from her master, and has since been employed by Colonel Hanks as cook.

Isaac White is a black boy of eight years; but none the less intelligent than his whiter companions. He has been in school about seven months, and I venture to say that not one boy in fifty would have made as much improvement in that space of time.

Robert Whitehead--the Reverend Mr. Whitehead perhaps we ought to style him, since he is a regularly-ordained preacher--was born in Baltimore. He was taken to Norfolk, Virginia, by a Dr. A. F. N. Cook, and sold for $1525; from Norfolk he was taken to New Orleans where he was bought for $1775 by a Dr. Leslie, who hired him out as house and ship painter. When he had earned and paid over that sum to his master, he suggested that a small present for himself would be quite appropriate. Dr. Leslie thought the request reasonable, and made him a donation of a whole quarter of a dollar. The reverend gentleman can read and write well, and is a very stirring speaker. Just now he belongs to the church militant, having enlisted in the United States army.


A large photograph of the whole group which you reproduce has been taken, and cartes de visite of the separate figures. They are for sale at the rooms of the National Freedman's Relief Association, No. 1 Mercer Street, New York, or I will send them by mail on receipt of the price: $1 for the large picture, 25 cents each for the small ones. The profits to go to the support of the schools in Louisiana. (Harper's Weekly, January 30, 1864)

19 comments:

  1. I will never understand the practice of slavery in America.

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    1. When you read the bIble in the book of Leviticus 26 and the book of Deuteronomy 28:1-68 , you will see how slavery came about in the amerIcas.

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    2. Which proves the bible was written by MEN and not by GOD or even "inspired" by GOD in most instances.

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    3. What are u saying ?!? Deut 28:68 shows how the black (real jews) would go into slavery . The bible is the Words of God you idiot.. Holy men which were ordained by God wrote the book

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    4. hateful men of white and black wrote that allegory bs...to control the euro savages in 532 AD sophia hagai' the crackers first church and university, then remodeled to hide this truth..justinian 'mulatto' rhetoric' lying era to get through their dark ages but civilizing a beast was not understood well nor expected to be such a task, uh, still until this day; then it's bs was flipped, and forced onto the slaves by the fagot popes esp. pope innocent...pope victor all euro pedophile rome recessive furry goons..the euro beast...

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  2. No the Bible was created by man ...period every word came from man.

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  3. The bible was hand written by men. ergo the Bible contradict it's self more than one time throughout the Bible proving without a doubt no supreme deity dictated It

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  4. Most of these comments obviously stem from emotions and not thoughtful argumentation. Slavery in the Americas had nothing to do with the Bible. Man enslaving a fellow human always existed, since we are evil.
    The Bible actually did protect slaves, ensuring their dignity and welfare, and modern abolitionism actually had a strong Christian background.
    People often tried to use the Bible to justify their misdeeds, but that is abusing the text and not practicing what the Word of God teaches.

    And of course, so-called contradictions most of the times seem to be contradictions because of a superficial reading or malevolence.

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    1. Thank you!!! I just read Deut. 1-68 and that passage was for the slaves to exit out of Egypt! Yes we can learn from the bible...it states: there is NOTHING NEW UNDER THE SUN! Therefore our thinking is not new but more aware because of our internet!
      Think...how many times have you thought of an idea but soon discover someone else actually followed through with the same idea! I know it has happened to me twice!!!

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    2. Thank you!!! I just read Deut. 1-68 and that passage was for the slaves to exit out of Egypt! Yes we can learn from the bible...it states: there is NOTHING NEW UNDER THE SUN! Therefore our thinking is not new but more aware because of our internet!
      Think...how many times have you thought of an idea but soon discover someone else actually followed through with the same idea! I know it has happened to me twice!!!

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    3. this website is for little fukin bitches

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    4. there were no slaves in Kamit aka egypt that deut 28 is bs... its what crackers wanted to do to the indigenous being the beast dumb nasty and lazy as hell savages just as the so called euro bastard of the bastard arabs are too...lazy diseased and neanderthalish all hybrid furry euros are...until this day...read Ebony & Ivory we still are educating the beast OUR moor experiments. Not to confuse with the grander of the Black Berbers the true Royal black bloods, and Rock of Gibraltar..the Great Granada Carthaginians..No. moors are rome fags too, of moor bs. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/19/books/ebony-and-ivy-about-how-slavery-helped-universities-grow.html?_r=0

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  5. Y'all are all blind! Except yes black slaves in America are the true Israelites,well at least one of the 12 tribes!

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  6. Unfortunate, slavery is.

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  7. I am studying the 1800's right now in school and it is just terrible. The thing that happened to them are sickening. I truly look up to Frederick Douglass. He is an American idol. I also look up to Sojourner Truth and what she went through.

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