Sunday, May 20, 2012

Fabrice Monteiro's Amazing Images of Brown. Fugitive Slaves In Slave Torture Devices

"Marrons. Les esclaves fugitifs" (Brown Runaway Fugitive Slaves) photographed by Fabrice Monteiro

"Brown. Fugitive Slave," is an article published in his newsletter Africultures is an evocation of runaways through the eyes of Fabrice Monteiro. An article that is timely to commemorate the 163 th anniversary of the abolition of slavery in Guadeloupe, 27 May 2011 .


"Marrons. Les esclaves fugitifs" (Brown Runaway Fugitive Slaves) photographed by Fabrice Monteiro

"Maroon" is a term borrowed from the Spanish "cimarron," meaning "living on the peaks."

It comes from a word "Arawak" defining domestic animals returned to the wild, and by extension, runaway slaves. The "Maroon" was a terrible threat to the colonial system, they were likely to provoke a civil war at any time. Fugitive slaves were monitored continuously and the sentences at the slightest deviation were particularly severe, they had to make an impression.

"Marrons. Les esclaves fugitifs" (Brown Runaway Fugitive Slaves) photographed by Fabrice Monteiro

Slaves who tried to escape suffering the punishment described by the law then they were made to wear a heavy iron necklace with long stems, which had the function to hang in the brush and hamper any escape. In the same spirit, they existed in shackles bells, can hear every movement of the slave. The slave who dared to speak a bit to his master suffered the punishment of the Iron Mask. Similarly, during the harvest of sugarcane, were put in iron masks to hungry and thirsty slaves to prevent them from tasting or eating the cane.


"Marrons. Les esclaves fugitifs" (Brown Runaway Fugitive Slaves) photographed by Fabrice Monteiro

During childhood in Benin, Fabrice Monteiro is marked by the cartoon "The Passengers of the Wind" of Bud Francis. Part of the adventure takes place in Ouidah, Benin, home village of his father's family. He is fascinated by the realism of images, it recognizes the scene drawn, the faces are familiar to him. It is in these pages he discovered these strange necklaces worn by some slaves to keep them from escaping. His father tells him the story of his family and why he wears a name like many other Portuguese Benin. His ancestor was named Ayedabo Adagoun Odo, his native Nigeria. He is enslaved by the Portuguese and sent to Brazil. He returned to Benin years later, freed by the name of Pedro Monteiro.

"Marrons. Les esclaves fugitifs" (Brown Runaway Fugitive Slaves) photographed by Fabrice Monteiro

Sensitive to the issue of the slave trade and the role of this small village on the coast of Benin, Fabrice decides to explore the subject photographically to contribute to the memory of slavery. From the * CODE BLACK, lithographs and of the few original photos of slaves, Fabrice plans reconstructs five models of barriers used to punish or deter the slaves of their escape. It is from these plans that two young blacksmiths Benin reproduce barriers staged in this photographic series. To obtain an effect of chiaroscuro, he chose a modern approach to treatment of light. He designed a black box, allowing a mobile studio to meet its models through the streets of Ouidah.

"Marrons. Les esclaves fugitifs" (Brown Runaway Fugitive Slaves) photographed by Fabrice Monteiro


* The BLACK CODE was developed by the French minister Jean-Baptiste Colbert (1616 - 1683) and promulgated in March 1685 by Louis XIV. [source: Fabrice Monteiro ( Article published by Africultures on 05/05/2011)]

"Marrons. Les esclaves fugitifs" (Runaway Fugitive Slaves) photographed by Fabrice Monteiro




"Marrons. Les esclaves fugitifs" (Runaway Fugitive Slaves) photographed by Fabrice Monteiro


"Marrons. Les esclaves fugitifs" (Runaway Fugitive Slaves) photographed by Fabrice Monteiro





RON'S COMMENTS:  Yes, these powerful images are disturbing.  It reminds us that human beings sit at the forefront of ALL enslavement.  The state-sponsored institutionalization of human trafficking and bondage for profit involves human beings.  Millions upon millions of nameless, faceless people who toiled for the enrichment of plutocrats, merchants, kings, queens, aristocrats, planters, shipbuilders, bankers, insurance brokers, shareholders and the like.  They were never paid, never thanked, even after emancipation never made whole.  I honor their spirit of survival.  

This small blog tries to offer a space to historically discuss and make sense of their inhuman bondage.  

48 comments:

  1. My heart aches seeing these people having those metals on their neck :<

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Yes, I totally agree with your statement.

      Fabrice Monteiro's photographs offers powerfully haunting images that humanizes the torment and pain of enslaved human beings.

      Since I'm going to be traveling for the next week or so, I won't be able to post any new items on this blog for a little while. Several months ago, I serendipitously ran across Fabrice Monteiro's photographs. I've been trying to research them, but unfortunately the only written works available seem to be written in French. That being said, the images are strong enough to hold their own without interpretation or analysis.

      Thanks for your thoughtful comments, keep reading the blog. You'll be confronted by disquieting images from time to time, but it's really difficult to draw a smiley face around institutionalized enslavement.

      --Ron Edwards, US Slave Blog

      Delete
    2. Mine as well...We've come so far and yet people still are killing instead of loving one another...the most important commandment God said is "Love."

      Delete
    3. Ron said...."Millions upon millions of nameless, faceless people who toiled for the enrichment of plutocrats, merchants, kings, queens, aristocrats, planters, shipbuilders, bankers, insurance brokers, shareholders and the like. They were never paid, never thanked, even after emancipation never made whole. I honor their spirit of survival."

      A SIMPLE CASE STATEMENT FOR REPARATIONS!

      Delete
  2. A bold collection of photographs I think a lot of people would rather these be forgotten; America being the 'Land of The Free.' I utterly detest the notion that African Americans should be thankful for their freedom and it infuriates me when White Americans spew that garbage out... Only an aggressor would hold that stance.

    Great blog, sorry if I was ranting somewhat... I've been researching the Olympics/British Empire/Aboriginal Persecution... Living in the West you can soon be fooled into forgetting the horrible acts committed against humanity aren't exclusive to Arab nations..

    Hope your travels went well my friend!

    ReplyDelete
  3. All Americans should be thankful for their freedom. As a descendant of cival war veterans who fought for the freedom of slaves, it concerns me to see comments like the above.

    We need to learn from our shared history and appreciate each other and acknowledge how the past affects us even today. How many hundreds of years will it take for Americans to get beyond defining themselves by their race?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. You said: {{All Americans should be thankful for their freedom.}}

      You're right. The USA has been an unfree nation, longer than it has been a free one. Unfortunately we tend to forget the level of unfree labor, in both scale and scope that built our nation. Africans weren't the only unfree labor in the land either ... in 1619 FOUR different people stood on the auction blocks of Jamestown -- African slaves, White English women (Virginia tobacco brides who were auctioned for 120 pounds of tobacco), Irish/English/Scottish/Welsh indentured servants (white slaves), and American Indians (sold to the colonies like Bermuda, Bahamas, and Barbados) ... we just seem to remember only the LAST slaves, not the plethora of unfree labor that toiled the land ... unthanked, unacknowledged, unremembered, unpaid and discarded in the dust bin of history.

      {{As a descendant of cival war veterans who fought for the freedom of slaves, it concerns me to see comments like the above.}}

      It took a mighty war to rid this country of a mighty crime. Over 600,000 soldiers were killed, countless others were wounded who lived with morphine addictions (since that was the one of the few painkillers available). The 180,000 black troops weren't even invited nor acknowledged in 1913 when President Woodrow Wilson presided over the 50th reunion of Civil War Vets in Gettysburg.

      The freed slaves DID NOT forget the Union soldiers who fought for their freedom. In fact, they started the first Memorial Day in the USA to commemorate their sacrifice. If you're unaware of this piece of American History take a look at the following posts on this subject:

      http://usslave.blogspot.com/2011/05/for-newark-star-ledger-first-decoration.html

      http://usslave.blogspot.com/2011/05/slaves-started-memorial-day.html

      It's not common knowledge, that's why this blog is relevant, because it aims to EDUCATE. We do our nation a disservice by not knowing the full story of our shared history.

      You said: {{We need to learn from our shared history and appreciate each other and acknowledge how the past affects us even today.}}

      I agree. Our history is absolutely fascinating! It should not be whitewashed, muted and sanitized. We need to know the fullness of the story. Much like the Civil War, we rarely speak of the population collapse of the civilians who lived in the midst of a War Zone. The dead men, women and children who were non-military thus not counted among the Civil War dead or the slaves who were not represented by ANY GOVERNMENT that died from disease (small pox ran rampant in the war zones), starvation, artillery fire, etc. Yes, war was indeed Hell.

      You said: {{How many hundreds of years will it take for Americans to get beyond defining themselves by their race?}}

      God only knows. But, thanks for your comments. Keep reading this blog, you may discover more American history.

      -- Ron Edwards, US Slave Blog

      Delete
  4. That comment (Nov. 7 2012, Anonymous) comes across as an attempt to sidestep the reality of slavery. I encounter this attitude in the Bible Belt all the time. It must be culturally tolerated there; I find it offensive.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I really didn't see that as an attempt to sidestep the reality of slavery. It happened. However, it IS time to move on. Pictures like these should help us work to prevent it from ever happening again, but it is not fair when blanket statements of any race or culture are used. We can't do anything about the past, but we can use the past to help us prevent atrocities in the future. We should ALL be thankful for our freedom. The white founding fathers of this country were willing to die and give up their fortunes for their freedom. The slaves were willing to die attempting to escape to their freedom. We ALL want to be free. If you look back in all of history, it is the norm of all conquering people to make slaves of the conquered or weak. We must all watch and learn the signs so that we may all remain free. In the meantime - be thankful that you are free.

      On another note, I think all of history should be taught with primary documents and original photos and artwork - keeping in mind that all are made by a person with a point of view. (another teachable moment in itself)

      Delete
    2. "The white founding fathers of this country were willing to die and give up their fortunes for their freedom."

      Nope: Many of the white founding fathers owned slaves and slave plantations and their fortunes, and that of their white contemporaries, were invested in the slave trade. Without the slave trade, they wouldn't have become rich and powerful and had the luxury of debating about freedom and liberty. The founding fathers did not even mention people of color in the Declaration of Independence or the Constitution of the United States.

      Delete
  5. Ρieсe of writing wгiting is alѕo a eхcitеment, іf yοu knoω aftеrwarԁ yοu can writе if not it is сomplіcated
    to write.

    My ѕite tantric massage in London
    Look into my weblog - erotic massage in London

    ReplyDelete
  6. I'm guessing you don't mind me visiting and thanking you for the posting - it really helped
    Feel free to surf my web-site http://www.videopediaworld.com

    ReplyDelete
  7. Such a excellent post and definitely helped clear my brain a little
    My web site ... sareng.org

    ReplyDelete
  8. I really appreciate your post. It gives an outstanding idea that is very helpful for all the people on the web visit my site nuru massage london

    ReplyDelete
  9. Enjoying this site. Discovered it today and it will not be forgotten...

    ReplyDelete
  10. This is an amazing site. I wish there were some way to get this material in more widespread circulation. I have never seen such horrors before. also the story about the man who was put in the zoo
    still cam't get over this.

    ReplyDelete
  11. i know a lot of racist white people who would love to just have all these photos dissapear and pretened slavery and segregation didn't happen, that there was no equal rights movement, etc...

    ReplyDelete
  12. i5tzzyq80

    Here is my homepage :: short term loans

    ReplyDelete
  13. naturally like your web site but you need to take a look at the spelling on quite a few of your
    posts. Several of them are rife with spelling problems and I in finding it very bothersome to tell the reality on the other hand I'll certainly come back again.

    Also visit my site :: Abercrombie Brussel

    ReplyDelete
  14. I've read some just right stuff here. Definitely value bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how so much effort you place to make one of these wonderful informative site.

    my page ... Abercrombie

    ReplyDelete
  15. Greetings from Ohio! I'm bored to tears at work so I decided to browse your website on my iphone during lunch break. I love the knowledge you present here and can't wait to take a look when I get home.
    I'm amazed at how quick your blog loaded on my cell phone .. I'm not
    even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, great blog!

    Here is my blog ... Cheap Jerseys

    ReplyDelete
  16. continuously i used to read smaller articles or reviews
    which as well clear their motive, and that is
    also happening with this post which I am reading
    now.

    Feel free to surf to my blog post :: related site

    ReplyDelete
  17. My brother suggested I might like this web site. He was totally
    right. This post truly made my day. You cann't imagine just how much time I had spent for this information! Thanks!

    Feel free to surf to my web blog Michael Kors Bags

    ReplyDelete
  18. I've been browsing on-line more than three hours lately, yet I by no means found any interesting article like yours. It's beautiful price sufficient for me.
    In my view, if all web owners and bloggers made just right content material as you did,
    the internet will likely be much more useful
    than ever before.

    Here is my web blog: Louis Vuitton Bags

    ReplyDelete
  19. Thanks for finally writing about > "Fabrice Monteiro's Amazing Images of Brown. Fugitive Slaves In Slave Torture Devices" < Loved it!

    My web page: Chaussure
    Air Jordan

    ReplyDelete
  20. Pretty! This has been an incredibly wonderful article.
    Thanks for providing these details.

    Here is my web blog Louis Vuitton Handbags Outlet

    ReplyDelete
  21. Hi i am kavin, its my first time to commenting anyplace, when i read this
    piece of writing i thought i could also create comment due to this sensible post.


    My web-site: http://www.maxleticssports.com/cheapjerseys.html

    ReplyDelete
  22. This is very interesting, You are a very professional blogger.
    I've joined your rss feed and sit up for seeking extra of your excellent post. Additionally, I've shared your website in my social
    networks

    Also visit my blog post: Gafas聽Oakley Baratas

    ReplyDelete
  23. Thanks for finally writing about > "Fabrice Monteiro's Amazing Images of Brown. Fugitive Slaves In Slave Torture Devices" < Liked it!

    Feel free to visit my webpage - Wholesale Jerseys

    ReplyDelete
  24. Very good article. I am facing many of these issues as well.
    .

    Stop by my web page :: next page

    ReplyDelete
  25. I'm not sure exactly why but this web site is loading very slow for me. Is anyone else having this issue or is it a issue on my end? I'll check back later and see if the problem still exists.


    Look at my website - www.explorethecapabilities.com

    ReplyDelete
  26. Does your blog have a contact page? I'm having a tough time locating it but, I'd like to send you an e-mail.
    I've got some ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great blog and I look forward to seeing it develop over time.

    Also visit my blog - Wholesale NFL Jerseys

    ReplyDelete
  27. What's up to all, it's in fact a good for me to pay a visit this web site, it contains important
    Information.

    Also visit my page Louis Vuitton Outlet

    ReplyDelete
  28. Greetings! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and say I genuinely enjoy reading your posts.
    Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that go over the same subjects?

    Many thanks!

    Also visit my blog ... Sac Louis Vuitton Pas Cher

    ReplyDelete
  29. Howdy! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with us
    so I came to give it a look. I'm definitely loving the information. I'm book-marking and will be
    tweeting this to my followers! Fantastic blog and amazing design and style.


    My web blog :: Abercrombie France

    ReplyDelete
  30. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make
    your point. You clearly know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just posting videos to
    your weblog when you could be giving us something enlightening to read?


    my page ... Air Max

    ReplyDelete
  31. I do consider all of the ideas you have presented in your post.
    They are very convincing and will definitely
    work. Still, the posts are very quick for novices.
    May just you please extend them a little from next time? Thank you for the post.



    My page - cheap jerseys

    ReplyDelete
  32. Excellent post but I was wondering if you could write a litte
    more on this topic? I'd be very grateful if you could elaborate a little bit more. Kudos!

    Feel free to visit my web blog :: wsmisports.com

    ReplyDelete
  33. Great blog right here! Also your site so much up fast!
    What host are you the usage of? Can I am getting your
    associate link for your host? I desire my website loaded up as fast as yours lol

    ReplyDelete
  34. I used to be able to find good info from your blog articles.


    My web blog ... continue

    ReplyDelete
  35. You have made some decent points there. I checked on the
    web for more information about the issue and found most
    people will go along with your views on this website.



    Feel free to surf to my web-site; Louis Vuitton Outlet Online

    ReplyDelete
  36. Great post about a great work. I could already see Fabrice Monteiro's Marrons series on the French blog Ozarts Etc
    http://www.ozartsetc.com/2011/03/10/fabrice-monteiro/

    Their post is also translated

    http://www.en.ozartsetc.com/2011/03/10/marron-by-fabrice-monteiro/


    Fabrice Monteiro is really impressive when bringing together different worlds!

    Thanks for sharing his pictures!

    ReplyDelete
  37. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to assert that
    I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.


    Also visit my web page Christian Louboutin Heels

    ReplyDelete
  38. I visited various sites except the audio quality for audio songs existing at this site is truly
    wonderful.

    Also visit my blog post Louis Vuitton Purses Outlet

    ReplyDelete
  39. A superb Information Around Purchasing Any World's Most valuable Televisions

    Feel free to visit my web-site :: from video to mp3

    ReplyDelete
  40. Look at that, how rude. Im sure theres some k.k.k member viewing this sight...

    ReplyDelete
  41. The grandfather by Don fabio
    The Grandfather, Don Pacio Luciano, a reasonable, honourable man of integrity had sought justice after the deadly attacks on his family by suspected members of the notorious Sicilian Cosa Nostra. This is an outstanding story of love, honour, vengeance and astonishing revelation of the secret operations......
    Buy from Here:>> http://thegrandfatherbydonfabio.blogspot.com/

    ReplyDelete
  42. Who sold the slaves in Africa?

    ReplyDelete

Share It

HOME

HOME
Click here to return to the US Slave Home Page