Wednesday, February 27, 2013

Juffureh, Gambia; Kunta Kinte's Villagers Bash Alex Haley


As reported in the Seattle Times, "Bitter `Roots': Kunta Kinte's Village Bashes Alex Haley: Descendants, Townspeople `Expected To Get Rich,'" by Tina Susman, on 2 April 1995  --  AP JUFFURE, Gambia - When writer Alex Haley came to Juffure to trace his roots, he found a community of fishermen and farmers rarely seen by outsiders.

Today, when tourists visit the village portrayed in Haley's blockbuster "Roots," they find a different Juffure: a place of bitterness and poverty, where begging and Haley-bashing are a way of life.

Lots of tourists come, but that hasn't produced the boom Juffure's people had expected from "Roots." They aim their anger at Haley, the American descendant of slaves whose book sparked Gambian tourism and inspired people the world over to trace their ancestors.


"Roots" was published in 1976, and Haley died three years ago, but Juffure's people still demand what they consider their just rewards.

"We expected to get rich - yes, of course, we did! Because whatever Alex Haley got was from this compound right here," said Foday Fofana, a descendant of Kunta Kinte, the central character of "Roots."

The attitude prevails in Juffure and the neighboring village of Albreda, where young Gambians like Kunta Kinte were abducted and shipped across the Atlantic by slave traders. From Albreda's concrete dock, a visitor can see Fort James Island, once a notorious slave prison and now a ruin inhabited by lizards that scurry about the bricks.


It is due largely to "Roots" and the ensuing television miniseries that Gambia developed a lucrative tourist trade, now its No. 2 industry after agriculture.

That, says Haley's family, has been ignored by Kunta Kinte's descendants and by the tour guides who deride Haley as they lead people through Juffure and Albreda and across the river to Fort James.

"One of the things they don't think about is that they get 200,000 visitors a year, and there's no other village that gets that many people. And each visitor leaves something, so the village actually has a commerce based upon the Haleys," said William Haley, son of the late writer and head of the Haley Foundation in St. Louis.


William Haley last visited Juffure in July 1994 and gave money to both the Kinte kin and the village. The district chief, Dogou Sonko, says the amount totaled $1,500. Haley says he plans to return but has been prevented from doing so by political instability resulting from a military coup in Gambia last fall.

The coup has reduced tourism, making Juffure's souvenir sellers and beggars even more desperate.

Haley also said his father had given the village $15,000 at one time to build a mosque, which never materialized.


Tourist boats cruise up the placid, dolphin-filled river, unloading visitors into a gantlet of men selling wood carvings, women selling gourdlike calabashes and children demanding pens, paper, candy, money, even jewelry off the wrists and necks of the visitors.

On a recent tour, guide Muhammed Jatta sat down in the relative cool of the shade to tell visitors the story of Juffure. Instead of relating the village's historical significance, he devoted much of the time to an angry tirade against the Haleys, who he said had done "absolutely nothing" for Juffure.


The visitors were then led to the Kunta Kinte compound, a collection of mud and stucco dwellings with corrugated tin roofs, surrounded by a corrugated tin fence. Fofana said 76 of Kunta Kinte's descendants live in the compound, including 75-year-old Binta Kinte, who was named after Kunta Kinte's mother and whose husband narrated the "Roots" story to Alex Haley.

Nowadays, the toothless old woman sits on a wooden bench in the compound's dirt courtyard and waits for visitors to drop money into a basket being passed around.


The chief, Sonko, says the money usually goes into the tour guides' pockets.

William Haley blames the deterioration in the village atmosphere largely on foreign visitors.

"There was a time not long ago that when I met children, they'd say, `Can I have your name and address, because I want a pencil, or a pen, or a notebook,' " Haley said.

"Now they ask for money, because tourists have given them money and increased their expectations," he said in an interview.


The tour guides, the Kunta Kinte clan and tourism officials blame the Haley family for Juffure's problems, saying the people have a right to higher expectations, given the success of "Roots."

For many tourists, the encounter is an unpleasant one.

"I understand the anger, but we are tourists," said Clive Thrasher of England. "This constant bitterness doesn't appeal to people's generosity."  [source: Seattle TimesCopyright (c) 1995 Seattle Times Company, All Rights Reserved.]

5 comments:

  1. Thеse are alѕo аѵaіlable
    with PTO Delay fеature whiсh automaticallу opеn tаnκ internal ѵаlvе
    fоr 5 ѕеcοnds prioг tο engaging
    PTО allowing pump and prοduct lines to сharge pгeνiеwing
    іnteгval ѵalve slug. Υet another wаy to
    сonstruct а deνice to haгneѕs еnergy
    from raԁio ωaveѕ is uѕing an аntennа, сοnneсted to a seгiеs of diodes and a caрacitоr bаnk that
    is eaгthed. Thiѕ not onlу allοws
    liѕteneгs to listen to their favoгіte МΡ3 fileѕ alοng wіth their SӏRIUS raԁiο;
    it alsο letѕ them digitаlly гecorԁ their fаvorite
    radіo ѕongs for instant plaуback.


    Alѕo visit mу site: additional reading
    Also see my web page: boscarol.com

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thеѕe arе also availаble with PΤO Dеlay feаture which
    аutomatіcаlly open tank internal valve for 5 seсonԁs ρrior to engaging PΤO alloωing pump
    and proԁuct lines tο charge prеνiewing
    interval vаlve ѕlug. Also, by having a radio intеrnshіp in your resume, therе is a
    better chance for you to bеcomе a DЈ when уou apрly for a job
    in any radio statiοn in thе nation.

    Even toԁay, I gо big game hunting аnԁ all this, and the
    moгe dаngеrous something is, the hapρiег I am.



    mу web-site online radio

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. kami sekeluarga tak lupa mengucapkan puji syukur kepada ALLAH S,W,T
      dan terima kasih banyak kepada AKI atas nomor togel.nya yang AKI
      berikan 4 angka 6515 alhamdulillah ternyata itu benar2 tembus AKI.
      dan alhamdulillah sekarang saya bisa melunasi semua utan2 saya yang
      ada sama tetangga.dan juga BANK BRI dan bukan hanya itu AKI. insya
      allah saya akan coba untuk membuka usaha sendiri demi mencukupi
      kebutuhan keluarga saya sehari-hari itu semua berkat bantuan AKI..
      sekali lagi makasih banyak ya AKI… bagi saudara yang suka main togel
      yang ingin merubah nasib seperti saya silahkan hubungi AKI SOLEH,,di no (((082-313-336-747)))
      insya allah anda bisa seperti saya…menang togel 275
      juta, wassalam.


      dijamin 100% jebol saya sudah buktikan...sendiri....







      Apakah anda termasuk dalam kategori di bawah ini !!!!


      1"Dikejar-kejar hutang

      2"Selaluh kalah dalam bermain togel

      3"Barang berharga anda udah habis terjual Buat judi togel


      4"Anda udah kemana-mana tapi tidak menghasilkan solusi yg tepat


      5"Udah banyak Dukun togel yang kamu tempati minta angka jitunya
      tapi tidak ada satupun yang berhasil..







      Solusi yang tepat jangan anda putus asah....AKI SOLEH akan membantu
      anda semua dengan Angka ritwal/GHOIB:
      butuh angka togel 2D 3D 4D SGP / HKG / MALAYSIA / TOTO MAGNUM / dijamin
      100% jebol
      Apabila ada waktu
      silahkan Hub: AKI SOLEH DI NO: (((082-313-336-747)))






      KLIK DISINI BOCORAN TOGEL HARI INI




      angka GHOIB: singapur 2D/3D/4D/



      angka GHOIB: hongkong 2D/3D/4D/



      angka GHOIB; malaysia



      angka GHOIB; toto magnum 4D/5D/6D/



      angka GHOIB; laos











      Delete
  3. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has made available to communities literature
    which provides guidance and technical information educating communities on how to become disaster resistant in the face of natural disasters.
    If you don't want to use Safari to navigate to pages, zoom in, and read articles, Byline may be just the app for you. Both Intel and AMD contain information built in the processor to allow the processor to be used efficiently with mobile computing saving on battery life while giving the best performance.

    my web blog: Read stalkerfrance.com

    ReplyDelete
  4. This equals a little extra profit for prospects, and usually works well.
    The microstock model has proven it can be very lucrative. You may also
    try to sell old i - Pad and its parts to a person who needs them as spares and will
    make a good use of your broken electronic device.



    Here is my website: central washington university

    ReplyDelete

There was an error in this gadget

HOME

HOME
Click here to return to the US Slave Home Page