Tuesday, February 1, 2011

Slave Ship Jesus

Slave Ship Jesus Coat of Arms

Slavery is a stain on the history of the British Empire. The Anglo-Saxons kept slaves, but although serfdom survived for many years, slavery had all but gone from England by the 12th century. Certainly the earliest colonies, the West Indies and Virginia could not have survived without slaves.

The British were not the first Europeans in the slave trade. The Portuguese had established themselves as traders a century earlier.

Our story, here in the sixteenth century, centres on three voyages of John Hawkins. Hawkins was the first established English slave trader. Between 1562 and 1567 he made such profits so lucrative that he was supported by the Queen who showed her investment by donating two of her own ships, the Jesus of Lubeck and the Minion.

The pattern was consistent. Hawkins sailed for the west coast of Africa and, sometimes with the help of other African natives, kidnapped villagers. He would then cross the Atlantic and sell his cargo, or those who survived the voyage, to the Spanish. The slave trade was better business than plantations.


Sir John Hawkins

For Hawkins, the trade ended in 1567 when his fleet, which included a ship commanded by Francis Drake, took shelter from a hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico. The Spanish were also there. In the chaos and fight that followed, many of his men were killed. The Queen's Jesus of Lubeck was lost. Hawkins escaped in one ship and Drake in another. He'd lost 325 men on that voyage but it still showed a financial profit.

That skirmish between the Spanish and English ships was partly a turning point in the naval confrontation between the two nations; it continued for two decades and was only partially settled by the 1588 English Channel battle with the Spanish Armada. However, slavery continued after Hawkins and, although banned in England in 1772, it continued in the colonies until the 19th century. (source: BBC)


Slave Ship Jesus of Lubeck

JESUS OF LUBECK

The Jesus Of Lubeck was a German-built carrack of 700 tons displacement built around 1544 as a Hanseatic trading ship, before being bought by Henry VIII of England and converted to a warship. In 1564 she was leased as an armed slave-ship to Captain John Hawkins who used her until she was sunk during an engagement with the Spanish at San Juan de Ulloa in the Gulf of Mexico.

The Jesus Of Lubeck had four masts, the fore and main masts were square-rigged, the mizzens lateen rigged, carried a crew of 300 and was armed with 26 guns. (source: probertencyclopaedia.com

31 comments:

  1. Those Iron implements were there because of Cannibalism not religious folklore.

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  2. If to be free was truly what black folks sought, why did they not go to Belize as President Lincoln offered. Although it was a colony but it was a free colony not a slave colony.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Why do people say ignorant things then hide behind anonymous?

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    2. anonymous is a white supremacist will little intelligence, dummy your murderous ancestors can an invaded, raped killed and stole land fuck you and lincons BS

      Delete
  3. Belize WAS a SLAVE COLONY! It wasn't a sugar producing state like Haiti, Jamaica or Barbados. No, it was a mahogany exporting colony that used enslaved labor to deforest the land to export wood and timber. Again, this was uncompensated, unthanked, unfree enslaved labor.

    Why would President Abraham Lincoln want to deport the slaves of the United States to Belize, when they were on the Confederate side? It just doesn't make any sense. In fact, many of the Confederate soldiers fled to Belize after their defeat.

    Belize merchants became infamous for smuggling goods to the Confederates during the U.S. Civil War in the 1860's and for smuggling whisky to the U.S. during prohibition in the 1920's. by the 1930s the importance of U.S. trade rivaled that of the British.

    After the holidays, I'm going to post more information on Belize. Belize in NO WAY was free.

    In the 1860's, British settlers in Belize encouraged immigration from the U.S. Hundreds of Confederates came to Belize after the Civil War in search of land to develop. Few of the Confederates, however, stayed - most returned to the U.S. or moved on to Latin America. A group of Methodists from Mississippi did settle in the Toledo District in 1867 and established 12 sugar estates, but most were gone by 1910.

    Merry Christmas!

    --Ron Edwards, US Slave

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    Replies
    1. Great info....basicly...what will have to happen is the decendents of these slave masters can send us back and throw out the fake jews in Israel now...or wait for the war in America to force it to happen but kill many ppl off......many "blacks" cant afford to just pack up and go now due to lack of jobs and low pay...

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  4. and this is the truth.

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  5. I am unfortunately a descendant of John Hawkins and I am ashamed to say so.

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    Replies
    1. You are one of thousands of descendants of individuals who have profited from the slave trade and slave labor. The profits received (directly or indirectly) have given you all enormous advantages over the ex-slave. How can you make it right with your conscious and with your God?? I would submit that you cannot make it right because the damage is done and enormous beyond immediate repair. But do something within your sphere of possibility or span of authority...shame is not enough.

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  6. Don't be a shame just make his wrong doing, right.

    ReplyDelete
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  16. Always good to read comments from ignorant black racists who are so focused on the past while mooching off the teats of American Welfare and blaming everyone else for their problems; take responsibility of your life! The economic climate of today, lack of jobs, and decreased salaries has nothing to do with minority strife. Did you notice the leader of the free world is Black? Slavery is absolutely disgusting yet it is time to get over it and move on just like the rest of the world. Take all your entitlements and give back to the modern day slave; the Native American. Take your entitlements and give back to the original slave; the Jew. Take your entitlements and make the USA a better place instead of complaining about your past. Take your entitlements and enjoy your free education, your increased and unequal opportunities in business and the Military. Take your entitlements and eradicate the ignorant, hate mongering Black Islam plague spreading through our prison systems ... the same disgusting people who killed one of the most powerful leaders and role models the world has ever known, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Wake up!!!! How many Irish do you hear complain about their enslavement during the Dark History of America? How many Sicilians do you hear complain about their heritage as a Slave colony? The Jews were enslaved throughout time, long before the Cult of Jesus existed and a millennium before the Cult of Mohammad, and then slaughtered almost to extinction during the holocaust. The Jews are the original Monotheists! Do you see them reveling in their past and blaming everyone for their problems, no they lead almost every Fortune500 company in the US. It is not how you fall or when, it is how you stand up which is measure of a true Man or Woman. The face of God reflects us all for we are in his image, the more we accept our differences and mix our blood the closer to him/her we become. It all starts with standing up!

    -- Your sister descended from all walks of life.

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    1. {{{Always good to read comments from ignorant black racists who are so focused on the past while mooching off the teats of American Welfare and blaming everyone else for their problems; take responsibility of your life! }}}

      I guess you just decided to pull down your pants to defaecate a pile of crap in the comment section. First, you don't appear to know much about history and yet you call the readers of this EDUCATIONAL BLOG, “ignorant,” “black,” and “racist.” What EVIDENCE do you have that the readers are “ignorant.” The topics, primary resources, scholarship, books and lectures on this blog represent a composite of scholarly research from some of the most acclaimed universities in North America and the United Kingdom. And let the truth be told, most of the scholars on slavery have been in recent years white (slavery scholars like Ira Berlin, Eric Foner, Douglas Blackmon, David Eltis, David Blight, Joesph Opla, etc.). Who is blaming whom, and for what?

      This is an EDUCATIONAL BLOG that offers historical context and historical evidence of the institution of slavery. I just focus the lens to show a clearer picture of the slavery industrial complex. Yes, I will focus on the past, that's what “history” is a study of the past – duh!

      By definition, investigative historical scholarship IS taking responsibility. I don't engage in facile soundbites, goofy conjecture, or whitewashed myths. No, this blog unearths the complex truths of our shared historical narrative.

      Now, my family has been in this nation for over 300 years, and we've never received a dime of welfare. Is welfare some sort of slavery reparation? That's news to me. I've never received one welfare check. Is there some kinda welfare check fund for the progeny of American slavery? Is there a welfare check with my name on it? Will I get back-pay for my ancestors 300 years of unpaid labor (adjusted for inflation, of course). Or are you just having some kinda mental episode that scapegoats ALL BLACKS for whatever whites self-aggrandizement grief complex you're feeling today.


      {{{The economic climate of today, lack of jobs, and decreased salaries has nothing to do with minority strife. }}}
      So, why do you add this bit of nonsense to your argument.


      {{{Did you notice the leader of the free world is Black? }}}
      Okay, President Obama is black. Yes, I have noticed. What is your point?


      {{{Slavery is absolutely disgusting yet it is time to get over it and move on just like the rest of the world.}}}

      Nope. The rest of the world doesn't act like some newborn child without any sense of history. What nation, people or place on this planet (past, present or future) negates their past. Why do black people have to pretend to be some sort of etch-a-sketch people – shake us up and we have our names changed every other generation or so (Negro, negroid, Afro-American, African American, colored, freedmen, freemen, slaves, free people of color, etc.) – shake us up again and we'll forget how and why we were stolen from Africa in the first place. We'll forget our unique immigration policy forged in shackles and chains in the hull of ships. We'll forget that we were declared to be “real estate” or “property” by the US Government and we were bought, sold, traded, inherited, killed, raped, maimed, branded, tortured and worked without compensation, remuneration, or gratification.

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    2. {{{ Take all your entitlements and give back to the modern day slave; the Native American. }}}

      WTF are you ranting about? The genocide of the Native American tribes wasn't Africa slicing and dicing up North America, South America and every island in between. This blog certainly has reported on the ethnic cleansing called Manifest Destiny. Also the enslavement of the Native American tribes. As well as the so called “civilized tribes” that enslaved blacks.

      This blog offers a number of posts with respect to the Native Americans (North American, Caribbean, and South American).

      I wish I had these so called “entitlements.” Perhaps the Department of Interiors' Indian
      Affairs could tell me exactly where they are and I'll open a casino and share my profits with the Native Americans. I don't have a problem with that.

      {{{Take your entitlements and give back to the original slave; the Jew. }}}

      Now, are the Jews a religion or a race? If so, then how did the Lehman Brothers (German Jews) profit from slave grown cotton in Alabama. They profited so much that the Lehman Brothers started the Cotton Exchange in New York City to sell slave-grown cotton. Or Levi Strauss manufactured blue jeans from slave-grown cotton and dyed that cotton in slave-grown indigo (for that lovely blue color).

      I try not to point fingers at religions with respect to slavery, since there isn't one with clean hands. All religions participated in the slavery industrial complex – Catholics, Jews, Protestants, Church of England, Islam, Quakers, Baptists, Methodists, Presbyterians, Buddhists, Hindus, Pagans, Atheists, Puritans – I can point to a slave-owner, slave-trader, slave-broker, slave-monger in each and every religion.

      {{{Take your entitlements and make the USA a better place instead of complaining about your past. }}}

      Oops, I'm sorry, I guess you missed that slave-grown cotton was 80% of the GDP in the USA. If blacks were producing 80% of the nations wealth, how much more should we have done!

      {{{Take your entitlements and enjoy your free education, your increased and unequal opportunities in business and the Military. }}}

      Education isn't free, fool! We ALL pay property taxes for our education. Are you just barking mad or what. Furthermore, blacks have fought in each and every war from BEFORE the USA became the USA up until today. There has never been a battle that the US has fought that black men didn't also fight.

      Delete
    3. {{{Take your entitlements and eradicate the ignorant, hate mongering Black Islam plague spreading through our prison systems ... the same disgusting people who killed one of the most powerful leaders and role models the world has ever known, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Wake up!!!! }}}

      “Wake up!”? Really. Your claim that the black Muslims killed Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is just flat out wrong. James Earl Ray killed Martin Luther King, Jr.. James Earl Ray was NOT BLACK, he was a white man. James Earl Ray was NOT A MUSLIM. He plead guilty to the murder of Martin Luther King, Jr.; he was convicted and sentenced to 99 years in jail; he died in prison serving out that sentence in 1998.

      I can't believe how you chastise black people for being ignorant and you just spew out one stupid historically inaccurate diatribe after another. Maybe, you should just Google the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. BEFORE you accuse anyone except white negrophobic extremist of that crime.

      {{{How many Irish do you hear complain about their enslavement during the Dark History of America?}}}

      You haven't read much history. The New York City Draft Riots that occurred DURING the Civil War, whereby Irish nationalist burned the city of New York and went on a killing spree of blacks. They even burnt and pillaged an orphanage for black children. They killed blacks and terrorized black orphans because they said that the US Government was being anti-Irish with the conscription (drafting) lottery.

      If you need a refresher course on this topic, watch “Gangs of New York”....or just Google “Draft Riots.”

      {{{How many Sicilians do you hear complain about their heritage as a Slave colony?

      I don't know the history of Sicily, this blog's focus is on slavery in the so called New World (North America, South America and the Caribbean Islands).

      {{{The Jews were enslaved throughout time, long before the Cult of Jesus existed and a millennium before the Cult of Mohammad, and then slaughtered almost to extinction during the holocaust. }}}

      Did the African Americans slaughter the Jews? No. I think it was more of the same type of white extremist that took-up the white man's burden.

      {{{The Jews are the original Monotheists! }}}

      Your point? This blog neither condemns nor condones ANY religion. You can believe in purple tooth fairies flying on rainbow colored unicorns for all I care.

      {{{Do you see them reveling in their past and blaming everyone for their problems, no they lead almost every Fortune500 company in the US. }}}

      On Sept. 20, 1945, three months after the end of World War II, Chaim Weizmann, on behalf of the Jewish Agency, submitted to the governments of the US, USSR, UK, and France, a memorandum demanding reparations, restitution, and indemnification due to the Jewish people from Germany for its involvement in the Holocaust.
      Germany’s postwar reparations program has become such a matter of fact that many Germans are not even aware that their country, after paying $89 billion in compensation mostly to Jewish victims of Nazi crimes over six decades, still meets regularly to revise and expand the guidelines for qualification. The aim is to reach as many of the tens of thousands of elderly survivors who have never received any form of support.

      The United States has provided Israel with $233.7 billion in aid ‏(after adjusting for inflation‏) since the state was formed in 1948 through the end of last year.

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    4. *standing on my feet clapping * I am so happy to see somebody stand up to one of these white extremists (who love to hide behind a computer desk) with real historical facts...my hats off to you...I hope there is more to come because I love what I'm seeing so far...

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    5. Lol I'm still trying to figure out what entitlements he's commenting about...

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  17. The trouble with some whites is that they have this idea that all blacks when they were set free were lazy and didn't want to work because that is what the white master said about all those who left them high and dry because they said they could afford to pay them anything.. But they could stay on and help share in the planting in fields and gardens like before but when it came time to sell in the crop they wouldn't get any of the money because the master would have to take that as their cut for letting them stay there. Yea right. But what they hadn't counted on was the blacks learning to read, write, and count and they knew that could make better money elsewhere with their skills and that is what they did. The womens took in washing, drying, ironing and folding white folks cloths, cleaning white folks houses,cooking, keeping their childrens and being paid for it. Mens were not only field hands, but black smiths and getting paid for it. So they weren't lazy they were working and they were hard workers, they learn how to break horses and that earn good money as well. But the whites was still having a hard time getting their farm business going because they didn't have the field hands they needed to get the work done and they didn't want to pay the blacks to do it, so they continue to callthem lazy. They would hire bounty hunters to kidnapped them and put them back into slavery but it didn't last long before the black would run away to safety. Even over the years, blacks worked hard to not get on government benefits and they did by doing the same thing those freed slaves did, clean house, became nannies, bulters, cooks, maids, then start getting education to get better jobs and the more education they got the better jobs they succeeded in getting. They still are not lazy or dumb.

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    1. You're right. Black people are neither dumb nor lazy. That's why the Crowns of Spain, Portugal, England, France, the Netherlands, and Denmark commissioned voyages to export millions upon millions of black people to build their fortunes.

      It just doesn't make any sense that the richest most powerful nations on the planet would spend so much time, expend so much money, fortify so many slave fortresses (or dungeons depending on your viewpoint), to spirit away the laziest people on the planet. That doesn't pass the smell test of time.

      No. The richest most powerful nations CHOSE black people as their laboring class, because they were the BEST laborers that money could buy. People like George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and even John C. Calhoun were wealth enough and famous enough to procure ANY laboring class, and who did they CHOOSE to invest their dollars in? You guessed it, black people.

      It took a war to separate them from their slaves. They knew a good thing when they had it. The Confederates didn't declare war to keep their lazy, stupid slaves in bondage. No, they were making money hand over fist with their black slaves, and they knew where their fortunes came from.

      We do ourselves a disservice by allowing others to define our history. The historic record is loud and clear. You can walk the Mall in Washington DC and clearly see the wealth of those tobacco planters with the Library of Congress, the White House, the Capitol ... or go to the Low Country of South Carolina and Savannah and witness the wealth of the rice planters ... or go to Liverpool, Glasgow, Manchester and see the wealth of the slave trade. The Bank of England, Lehman Brothers, Oxford University, Brown University, Lloyds of London, Harvard University, the University of Virginia, South Carolina University, etc. were ALL founded and sustained by the so called laziest people on the planet Earth. I'll slap the table and call bullshit every day of the week on that notion.

      Thanks for your comments.

      --Ron Edwards, US Slave Blog

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  18. http://www.youtube.com/BlackHistoryChannel1

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