Friday, September 30, 2011

Bigotry Shaped a Great Baltimore City: Antero Pietila



From the Baltimore Sun, "Book review: 'Not In My Neighborhood' Ex-Sun author traces bigotry's role in shaping Baltimore," by Diane Scharper, 21 March 2010  --  Builder James W. Rouse is remembered as a visionary because of his shopping malls and new towns, like Columbia - promoted as free of racial discrimination. But Rouse had another, less egalitarian side, according to Antero Pietila, a former Baltimore Sun reporter and editorial writer. That side had shown itself a few years earlier in 1951 when, as vice president of the Northwood Co., Rouse looked the other way as blacks and Jews were excluded from the Northwood community.



Rouse is just one of the movers and shakers spotlighted in "Not In My Neighborhood," Pietila's eye-opening account of bigotry in Baltimore. The book spans about 100 years but focuses primarily on the years from World War II to the passage of the 1968 Civil Rights Act, the time when race relations reached a boiling point.

With its sensitive subject, this groundbreaking book is a monumental effort. Pietila spent seven years researching the people and stories in this account, which contains nearly 40 pages of notes. With facts, maps and charts, the book seems heavy at times. But Pietila hooks readers with anecdotes and arresting details. His description of Jack Goldenson during the 1968 riots on the roof of his delicatessen with a gray machine gun aimed at a surging mob is riveting.



As Pietila sees it, Baltimore's racial problems were exacerbated in 1910 when an African-American lawyer set up an office on McCulloh Street in a house he had bought from a white woman. Soon afterward, Baltimore enacted the first law in U.S. history to prohibit African-Americans from moving to white residential blocks and vice versa. Segregation existed in many Northern cities, Pietila explains. Baltimore, though, used the force of law to "achieve systemic, citywide separation." Numerous other cities, including Richmond, Va., Birmingham, Ala., and Atlanta, followed suit.

When the U.S. Supreme Court struck down the 1910 segregation law seven years later, Baltimore leaders weren't fazed. Covenants and other private agreements were used to bar blacks and Jews from certain neighborhoods. After the Supreme Court declared those unenforceable in 1948, Baltimore became a pioneer in blockbusting.

A 1937 map from the Federal Home Owners Loan Corporation

Most U.S. cities had separate housing markets for whites and blacks. But Baltimore, Pietila explains, had a three-tiered market: one for gentiles, one for Jews and one for blacks. It worked like a racially charged game of musical chairs. Gentiles moved out when Jews moved in. When Jewish housing demand weakened, houses went to blacks. The migration of Jews and blacks proceeded north and northwest from the harbor to Ashburton, to Windsor Hills, to Gwynn Oak and Woodlawn. Later, Jews moved to Pikesville and the Reisterstown Road corridor up to Owings Mills and Reisterstown. Gentiles moved east toward York Road or north toward Carroll County.


The bottom line is this: Gentiles excluded Jews and blacks from their neighborhoods using both legal and illegal means. Unscrupulous speculators took advantage of home sellers and buyers. Mortgage companies redlined neighborhoods where people could not get a regular mortgage, forcing them to rely on unscrupulous rent-to-buy schemes. With blockbusting techniques, flipping, and subprime mortgages, Baltimore neighborhoods and bank accounts were destroyed - to say nothing of people's souls.

Pietilla blames Baltimore's racial troubles on many people, including blockbuster Manuel Bernstein. But some, like Dale Anderson, former Baltimore County executive, deserve more blame than others, Pietilla writes.


Pietila says Anderson tried to push blacks from Towson by building a thoroughfare through the heart of an African-American neighborhood, thereby effectively eliminating it. In Catonsville, Anderson and the Baltimore County Council replaced blacks' homes with snack shacks and gas stations. Throughout the county, they decimated at least 20 old African-American settlements.

Race relations in the city were also troubling. In 1966, the Baltimore City Council considered a bill outlawing racial discrimination in housing. When an interfaith group testified in support of the bill, the members were spat upon, accused of moral blackmail and threatened with death. The bill was defeated, 13-8. After the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated, Baltimore, like other cities, exploded. To prevent an all-out race war, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1968 on April 11, which included provisions for fair housing. But by then, as Pietila vividly describes it, Baltimore - with its ugly racial and ethnic prejudices - had shown itself to be anything but Charm City. (source: Baltimore Sun)

8 comments:

  1. Thank you for sharing such great information.
    It is informative, can you help me in finding out more detail on
    Office Movers Baltimore.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Attempting to locate the correct drug rehab program can be overpowering in light of the fact that there are such huge numbers of drug rehab strategies, models, medications and assessments. When you discover somebody is dependent or choose it's an ideal opportunity to find support, there is brief period to squander pondering who to call or where to go. A substance misuse issue should be tended to quickly, before it turns into a disaster for your family or companions.
    quotes for people fighting addictions
    addiction quotes

    ReplyDelete
  3. Plainly I have! I mean abhorrence offering a thing a possibility that you propose is actually that awesome: what exceptional of a correspondent would I be in the event that I didn't at any rate attempt to assert that the pornography these targets have merit investigating? Pornography web journals are absolutely enthralling, since they will assist you with busting a nut as speedy as could be ordinary the circumstance being what it is. They're moreover truly damn extraordinary for individuals on telephones, since a great deal of the web journals nowadays are absolutely responsive and look more than attractive on progressively small screens. I know they're not so much cutting edge and the possibility of a pornography blog has all the reserves of being somewhat dated, in any case basically stay with me here social event: I think you'll adore my proposed best sex web journals and the top recorded ones make a point to have you unflinching incredibly fast. Put forth an attempt not to trust in me? Simply visit one of the recommendation and perceive how long it takes for you to go from fat to raise: it takes in the wake of taking Viagra or something!
    yespornplease
    yespornplease.com

    ReplyDelete
  4. Indeed yespornplease presents to you the best free pornography recordings you can discover on the net.

    That is the reason yespornplease is your best choice with regards to picking XXX porno. You can't, and you would prefer not to pass up all that we've gathered for your delight. You would not quit watching the best recordings realizing which is the page where you will discover them. You have effectively discovered it and you can not miss the second to load up with joy taking a gander at the most sweltering and tasty Internet. All deliberately chose with the goal that every video puts you at a thousand and you generally need to return for additional. Of that we are certain, you will like such a lot of that you will return.

    We as a whole know the xxx recordings of yespornplease however on our site you can discover the cream de la cream, separating the inferior quality substance. You will presently don't need to sit around investigating recordings and picking the ones with the best quality and substance, we will do it for you.

    We're staying put and you'll wind up thinking of us as the best form of yespornplease we buckle down for. We need to please tastes and stay perpetually, we realize that this is accomplished exclusively by offering quality and that is our main thing. That is the reason we welcome you to visit us. We realize that once you see the nature of our material, you will get diligent to our page.
    A page where your porno minutes will be the most agreeable and best. You will not need to move from here. You can appreciate and fill yourself with joy without leaving our site briefly.

    Need to see free versatile pornography in excellent and HD?

    On our site you will appreciate watching the best yespornplease.com motion pictures. We sincerely feel that our guests merit what we think they merit. Great, enduring, top notch motion pictures. They merit not to lose subtleties of the scenes introduced by every film they need to see. That is conceivable, in light of the fact that we have an assortment of the best films in HD quality. So you can appreciate the best of the most sultry and distorted snapshots of every video you need to see.

    Yespornplease is the ideal spot to observe free pornography video here you will track down the best pornography recordings of the whole organization.
    In the event that you can appreciate quality and assortment here. Yespornplease have great material, complimentary and we are continually reestablishing. So you can be certain that with us your fun and joy won't ever end. Try not to make due with something tolerably great, in case you will track down the best on this page.

    We offer free pornography video XXX so you can make the most of your sexuality

    Why yespornplease and not another page?
    Since there could be no other spot like Yes pornography where to observe free pornography recordings of the greatest HD quality and totally horny, similar to our site. Make the most of your sexuality to the greatest, make some great memories and get those climaxes you need such a huge amount with the material we have for you.

    yespornplease is the spot, come in and you will consider that to be with the expectation of complimentary pornography films we have no opposition. We are the awesome. There could be no other equivalent and there will not be. We work pondering your fulfillment consistently. We search for simply the best material.

    ReplyDelete
  5. How To Choose The Correct Manicure And Pedicure Kit online
    There are many pedicure and manicure kit online that you can purchase. Choosing the perfect kit for yourself can be challenging.
    The First thing you should keep in mind is the size of the bag. If you will use it in your house and keep it there, then you do not have to worry about the size, but if you are planning to travel, then you should buy a smaller size kit, so it is easy to transport.
    Second, choosing the correct pedicure and manicure kit tools according to your personalized problems. You should identify your problem areas and buy tools accordingly.
    Third, decide the quality of the tools you want. Proper quality tools can be a little expensive, but they will last longer and give you better results.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Excellent information
    Thanks you so much for this wonderful article
    you written it looks great an unique.
    gomatkaplus
    Starline games
    satta tv
    satta tv
    Satta king
    Sattamatka
    Sattaking
    https://sattaking.chat

    ReplyDelete

HOME

HOME
Click here to return to the US Slave Home Page